The Georgia Forestry Commission (GFC), in coordination with the U.S. Forest Service, conducts ongoing forest inventory measurements throughout Georgia. The purpose is to periodically gather land and forest resource data from a series of permanent sample plots in order to assess current forest resource status and trends in Georgia.

What is Forest Inventory Analysis (FIA) data?

FIA data is a set of measurements that detail Georgia’s current forest resources. GFC staff use this information to provide guidance and assistance to the existing forest industry and prospective industries in sustainable utilization of Georgia’s renewable forest resources. FIA Data includes:

  • species composition and diversity
  • live wood and biomass volumes
  • wood growth and removals
  • forest health
  • insect and disease impact
  • past natural and human-caused disturbances
  • land use changes
  • forestland types
  • age classes

What is the benefit of the data?
We collect the data so that we can assess trends and track current forest resource status. FIA data is valuable as a historic record and it provides documentation of current conditions and trends affecting Georgia’s forest resource. It also helps with decisions about timber supply and wood production.

How is the data collected?
Twelve GFC foresters work full time to collect FIA data. Data is periodically gathered from permanent randomly-selected sample plots. When selecting the plots, we do not consider current land use, ownership, location, or land use changes. Data is gathered from approximately one plot per 6,000 acres of forested land. Data queries for small areas should not be done. A good rule of thumb for Georgia is to examine a geographic area that includes at least 20 counties, or within a 50 mile radius of a given point.

How is the data used?
Municipal leaders and government agencies use FIA data to make decisions on development, commerce, wildlife and much more. Nationally, collected data is electronically compiled and forwarded to the U.S. Forest Service FIA program office in Knoxville, Tennessee. Based on a five-year rolling average for data parameters, the information is compiled into county, regional, and state summaries and is available through the U.S. Forest Service.

A special thanks to the USFS, our partner in conservation and protection, for providing funding.

Helpful Resources

TitleDescriptionDocument Type
2016 FIA Data – Forest Inventory and Analysis Program: Trends for Georgia’s Forest Land

Collected information for the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Program, a cooperative program between the U.S. Forest Service and the states to provide estimates of the condition of the forest and forest trend data.

2016 USDA Forests of Georgia

Overview of forest resources in Georgia based on an inventory conducted by the U.S. Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program, the Southern Research Station (SRS) in cooperation with the Georgia Forestry Commission.

2019 Georgia Pine Sawmills Producing Mechanical and Stress Rated Lumber

During a previous survey of the primary wood-using industries in Georgia, the following companies reported to GFC personnel that their listed sawmills used mechanical grading systems. Please note that not all mills responded to this question and there may be other Georgia mills that utilize mechanical lumber grading. Final determination will depend upon individual contact with the mills.

2020 Georgia Exporting Mills


2020 Selling Your Timber

Selling timber can be a source of great satisfaction to a landowner. It may also be surprising, frustrating and stressful, especially for landowners who conduct timber sales infrequently. Relying on the expertise of a registered consulting forester for help with harvest planning and timber sales reduces the likelihood that sellers or buyers will be caught off guard – and that helps landowners get the highest return for their timber.

Forests of Georgia, 2018PDF
GA Timber Product Output (TPO) Report – 2015

This report contains the findings of a canvass of all primary wood-using plants in Georgia, and presents changes in product output and residue use over the last two years.

Georgia Certified Mills & Products (2019)

This is a list of companies that participated in the Timber Product Output (TPO) annual survey of the primary wood-using industries in Georgia and reported that their wood procurement system and/or listed mills and/or products are certified through SFI, FSC, PEFC or SBP1.

Georgia’s Forests – 5 Year Report (2014)

Inventories provide information needed to formulate sound forest policies, provide information for economic development, develop forest programs, and provide a scientific basis to monitor forest ecosystems.

Georgia’s Timber Industry -Timber Product Output and Use (2015)

This science update contains the findings of a 2015 canvass of all primary wood-using plants in Georgia, and presents changes in product output and residue use since 2013.

Hurricane Matthew Timber Impact Assessment Georgia (2016)

Hurricane Matthew impacted multiple southern states, and all coastal counties of Georgia experienced extreme winds and heavy rain on October 7th and 8th, 2016.

Pine saw-timber Volumes in Georgia, 2017

Utilization and Marking Analysis:  Study of SYP Standing Volumes and Acreage

Selling Your Timber (Webinar – .wmv file)Video
Timber Buyers Directory

This list is made up of buyers/harvesters who have submitted information to GFC and is not meant as an endorsement of any individual or company. For a full list of Georgia Master Timber Harvesters (GAMTH), visit the GAMTH database.

Page on GFC Website